Chronic wounds are those that have not started to heal in four weeks and have not completed healing within eight weeks. Many wounds are the result of an underlying condition, such as poor circulation or diabetes. These conditions can cause blisters or sores which may become serious if improperly treated.
Diabetic Foot Care
For diabetics, proper foot care is essential. Diabetics can develop sores or blisters on their toes and due to nerve damage caused by their disease, they may not be aware of these problems. Daily foot checks for suspicious marks are a must.
Bunions are a condition that causes a bump on the foot consisting of bone and soft tissue at the place where the big toe meets the foot. Wearing ill-fitting shoes is often the culprit, though heredity can also be a factor.
Hammertoes are a deformity of the second, third and fourth toes that results in the joint being permanently bent, like a hammer. Shoes that do not fit correctly as well as genetis are contiruting factors.
A nerve in the foot thickening due to irritation causes this condition. This irritation is usually the result of two bones rubbing together from abnormal bone movement or shoes that do not fit properly.
A fungus-based skin condition, Athlete’s Foot strikes everyone from long distance runners to couch potatoes. It usually occurs between the toes but may also spread to toenails and soles of the feet, as well as potentially the groin and underarm areas.
Ingrown toenails grow into the soft skin around the nail, mostly as a result of being trimmed too short. Infections, irritation, and swelling can occur, and can be a problem for diabetics in particular.
This condition is the result of an inflamed tissue that runs on the bottom of the foot from heel to toes. Inflammation is typically the result of pressure placed on the foot, such as intense running or jumping.
When a foot’s arch, its key element of support, loses it’s strength and flattens, it is a condition known as flat feet. Flat feet in turn can cause many other podiatric problems, such as bunions or hammertoes, which can then affect the rest of the body.
Decreased nerve function is called neuropathy. This disease makes it difficult for a patient to feel pain and discomfort and it is often associated with diabetes.
A strain or a sprain is an overstretched ankle ligament. This injury is caused by twisting the ligament beyond its limits whether through fast-paced sports such as tennis or walking on uneven surfaces. Rest and immobilization are key to recovery. However, evaluation by a specialist is essential to ensure no other underlying conditions exist.